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 Wrestling 101

 

Glossary of Wrestling Terms

Team Scoring System

A wrestling team scores points via the results of individual wrestler’s matches.


·     6 Pts. – Wrestler wins by pin or forfeit, injury default, disqualification of the opponent.
·     5 Pts. – Wrestler wins by technical fall (lead of 15 Pts. during the match)
·     4 Pts. – Wrestler wins by major decision (point spread of between 8 and 14 pts.).
·     3 Pts. – Wrestler wins by regular decision (7 points or less)


Teams can also be penalized team points for unsportsmanlike conduct and other violations of the individual wrestlers or the coaching staff.

There are five ways to score points in a wrestling match:
Takedown = 2 Pts.

From the neutral position, when one wrestler takes the other wrestler down to the mat and controls him from the top, a takedown is scored
 

Reversal = 2 Pts.

Wrestler is on the bottom in the referee’s position and reverses his opponent to the top in the referees position, a reversal is scored
 

Escape = 1 Pt.

Wrestler is on the bottom in the referee’s position and escapes to the neutral position without reversing the top man, an escape is        scored
 

Near Fall (back points) = 2 Pts/3 Pts.

Bottom wrestler has his back exposed to the mat on an angle of 45 degrees or less.
·     A count of at least 2 seconds, but less than 5 seconds, a 2 Pt. near fall is scored.
·     A count of 5 seconds or more a 3 Pt. near fall is scored.


Penalty Points can be awarded to the opponent of the wrestler in violation of certain rules and conduct.
 

Stalling

One or both wrestlers not initiating action or one wrestler being totally defensive and backing away from opponent.

Warning, followed by penalty of 1 Pt., with each additional incident incurring penalties of 1 Pt. – 2 Pts. – 2 Pts. – Disqualification.
 

False Start/Illegal Start Position

Starting before the whistle blows, top or bottom wrestler not aligned in the proper referee's position. 

2 warnings, followed by 1 Pt. penalties for each additional incident – No Disqualification.
 

Clasping

Top wrestler clasping hands together without having the bottom wrestler on his back

Immediate 1 Pt. penalty. Each additional incident is followed by incurring penalties of 1 Pt. – 2 Pts. – 2 Pts. – Disqualification.
 

Illegal Holds

Full nelson, figure 4 the body, scissor the head, headlock without the opponent's arm, etc.

Immediate 1 Pt. penalty. Each additional incident is followed by incurring penalties of 1 Pt. – 2 Pts. – 2 Pts. – Disqualification.


Technical Violations

Grasping uniform/headgear, improper equipment (i.e. no headgear), fleeing the mat, unsportsmanlike conduct, unnecessary roughness Immediate 1 Pt. penalty. Each additional incident is followed by incurring penalties of 1 Pt. – 1 Pt. – 2 Pts. – Disqualification.


Ejection Penalties

Gross misconduct, slamming or any illegal wrestling moves that can injure an opponent. Injury defaults the match.
 

 

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This site was last updated 11/27/14